EDA Dairy Focus: Romania
The European Dairy Association has shared its new Dairy Focus report, this time concentrating on Romania.
It coincides with the current cycle of EU Council presidency, which is currently made up of Romania, Finland and Croatia.
Viorica Dăncilă, Romanian Prime Minister said in the report: “The ongoing debate on the future of the Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) will ensure an ongoing and lively debate on how to secure a sustainable and competitive agricultural model for the Union.
“Research and innovation are key priorities for the Romanian Presidency and the upcoming months offer a unique chance to work on integrated ecological approaches from farm to landscape level, increased health for plants and animals and to find new openings for rural growth. Romania looks forward to working together with the European Commission, Member States and all relevant actors in order to strengthen the agricultural sector as engine for this growth.”
The Romanian dairy sector has experienced turbulence in recent years. The abolishment of the milk quotas in the European Union, unfavorable weather conditions and the impact of the Russian embargo are ongoing challenges, but there are opportunities for growth.
In 2017, against the previous year, the quantity of raw cow milk collected by dairies or collection centres increased by 75,878 tonnes (+8.0%).
The quantity of imported raw milk increased in 2017 by 6,977 tonnes (+5.4%) compared to the previous year.
In 2017, the production of the main dairy products registered an upward trend, the biggest increase in production being recorded for milk powder with 319 tonnes (+15.5%).
Romania is home to approximately 604,000 dairy farms with an average 2.4 cows per farm. The relatively small average herd size results in a limited delivery to dairies (around 25%) as the largest portion of milk goes to on-farm family consumption.
In order to strengthen dairy, the Romanian government is actively promoting the expansion of the cattle sector in order to stimulate cow milk production. Farmers are encouraged to enhance domestic production and financial support is available for milk production. These measures shall at the same time contribute to the objective of ensuring food security to the population with milk and dairy products.
The average milk price of farm-gate raw milk was €27.45 in 2017. Romanian farmers produce, in addition to cow milk, sheep milk, goat milk and buffalo milk. There is an upward trend in buffalo milk deliveries as the consumption is stimulated by an increasing demand from consumers. Sheep milk deliveries to dairies fluctuated around 320,000 tonnes, goat milk deliveries around 200,000 tonnes and buffalo deliveries around 15,000 tonnes.